Java Visitor Pattern : Hacker Rank Solution : Digit Wood

Java
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Note: In this problem you must NOT generate any output on your own. Any such solution will be considered as being against the rules and its author will be disqualified. The output of your solution must be generated by the uneditable code provided for you in the solution template.

An important concept in Object-Oriented Programming is the open/closed principle, which means writing code that is open to extension but closed to modification. In other words, new functionality should be added by writing an extension for the existing code rather than modifying it and potentially breaking other code that uses it. This challenge simulates a real-life problem where the open/closed principle can and should be applied.

Tree class implementing a rooted tree is provided in the editor. It has the following publicly available methods:

  • getValue(): Returns the value stored in the node.
  • getColor(): Returns the color of the node.
  • getDepth(): Returns the depth of the node. Recall that the depth of a node is the number of edges between the node and the tree’s root, so the tree’s root has depth 0 and each descendant node’s depth is equal to the depth of its parent node +1.

In this challenge, we treat the internal implementation of the tree as being closed to modification, so we cannot directly modify it; however, as with real-world situations, the implementation is written in such a way that it allows external classes to extend and build upon its functionality. More specifically, it allows objects of the TreeVis class (a Visitor Design Pattern) to visit the tree and traverse the tree structure via the accept method.

Sample Input

Sample Output

SOLUTION : –


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